In its commitment to promoting research, teaching and intellectual exchange on the historical study of American thought, the Society for U.S. Intellectual History offers a book review section that identifies new and significant historical monographs in the field of U.S. intellectual history. Book reviews facilitate informed dialogue on the current state of the field and raise interest in the political, cultural and intellectual project of writing history. Historical scholarship is the foundation of our profession and teaching its heartbeat; book reviews introduce our diverse readership to the creative and original questions and methodologies of scholars dedicated to the dissemination of historical knowledge and understanding. Thus, book reviews play an integral part in the collective intellectual project that is the writing and teaching of U.S. intellectual history.
By Seyla Benhabib
In 1975, the year of her death, Hannah Arendt’s (b. 1906) last essay appeared in the New York Review of Books with the title, “Home to Roost.” Anticipating the American bicentennial, the essay is not joyous but rather full of “fear and trembling,” expressing severe doubts as to “whether our form of government would be able to withstand the onslaught of this century’s inimical forces and survive the year 2000.” The Watergate scandal which signaled the introduction of tactics of “petty criminality” into the business of government; the Vietnam debacle, which Arendt calls “an outright humiliating defeat;” the deceptions induced by public relations strategists of Madison Avenue to further dupe a public lulled by the seductions of consumerism; rising inflation, unemployment and growing crime in urban centers lead Arendt to issue what her friend, the philosopher Glenn Gray, calls a “Cassandra-like” warning (King, 296): “While we now slowly emerge from under the rubble of the events of the last few years,” she concludes, “let us not forget these years of aberration, lest we become wholly unworthy of the glorious beginnings of two hundred years ago.”
By Neil Roberts
This is the first review in the Roundtable series devoted to Richard King’s work Arendt and America. For the introduction, click here.
Here, then, is the dilemma, and it is a puzzling one, I admit…what, after all, am I? Am I an American or am I a Negro? Can I be both? Or is it my duty to cease to be a Negro as soon as possible and be an American?
—W.E.B. Du Bois, “The Conservation of Races” (1897)
In the first place, we don’t like to be called “refugees.” We ourselves call each other “newcomers” or “immigrants.” Our newspapers are papers for “Americans of German language”; and, as far as I know, there is not and never was any club founded by Hitler-persecuted people whose name indicated that its members were refugees.”
—Hannah Arendt, “We Refugees” (1943)
It was the experience of the Republic here which decisively shaped her political thinking, tempered as it was in the fires of European tyranny and catastrophe, and forever supported by her grounding in classical thought. America taught her a way beyond the hardened alternatives of left and right from which she had escaped; and the idea of the Republic, as the realistic chance for freedom, remained dear to her even in its darkening days.
—Hans Jonas eulogy at Arendt’s funeral, Riverside Memorial Chapel (1975)
Roundtable, Richard H. King, Arendt and America (Chicago University Press, 2015)
Introduction by Lilian Calles Barger
The plans for this roundtable on Arendt and America began with a podcast conversation with Richard H. King recorded at the Society’s 2015 conference in Washington DC. His long career includes teaching at Stillman College, the University of the District of Columbia, Vanderbilt and the University of Nottingham (UK). He has edited three books and is the author of The Party of Eros: Radical Social Thought and the Realm of Freedom (1972); A Southern Renaissance: The Cultural Awakening of the American South (1980); Civil Rights and the Idea of Freedom (1992), and Race, Culture and the Intellectuals, 1940-1970 (2004). Before my conversation with King, I knew something about Arendt having researched her critique on the political role of religion and I was aware of the voluminous amount of scholarship she had inspired. One of my first questions was what else was there to say about Arendt?
August Meier. Negro Thought in America, 1880-1915. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1963.
Our classics book review series has focused on a wide range of important works in the canon of American intellectual history. August Meier’s Negro Thought in America is no different, being a bedrock text of African American intellectual history. Meier’s book explores an important period in American history: the aftermath of Reconstruction until the height of the Progressive Era. Or, to put it another way, from the Compromise of 1877 until the beginnings of the Great Migration and the death of Booker T. Washington. (more…)
This summer promises to be an exciting one for anyone who reads intellectual history. As book review editor I try to stay abreast of the field as it develops, and the summer of 2016 offers plenty of fascinating books to look forward to. They cover a variety of topics and subfields within American history. The following is just a short list—please add more in the comments section. While by no means meant to be a comprehensive list, I hope the following works match the diversity of interests held by members of S-USIH.
[Introduction: This is review number six, from Christopher Shannon, in our (more than!) weeklong roundtable on Andrew Hartman’s A War for the Soul of America. Shannon is an Assistant Professor of History at Christendom College. His contribution comes to us courtesy of a presentation, given just yesterday with Hartman, at the Hauenstein Center in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The roundtable’s first review came from Bob Hutton, the second was by Vaneesa Cook, the third by Peter Kuryla, the fourth from Michelle Nickerson, and the fifth last Friday from Amy Kittelstrom. Hartman’s reply arrives tomorrow. Enjoy! – TL]
Still Separate but Equal
A War for the Soul of America is a model of what that representative product of academic history, the “monograph,” can be at its best. A comprehensive account of a complex historical phenomenon and laced with critical insights illuminating the ironies and contradictions of an epoch, it is the kind of book that half a lifetime ago inspired me to pursue the study of history as a vocation. Any page picked at random could provide more than enough material for my brief remarks here. Still, I write neither to praise Andrew nor to bury him, but to assess the ways in which his study of the history of the culture wars illuminates and/or obscures our understanding of the divisions that that continue to characterize contemporary American political culture.
Given this context, I suppose I should at least make clear where my comments are coming from politically. (more…)